Designs of the 1894 Series
The First Bureau Issue or 'Triangles'

Printed by The Bureau of Engraving and Printing    Perf. 12
Uniform Design Size: 19 x 22 mm
The 3¢ - $5 values have collectible arrow blocks   Note the triangles at upper left and right
See 1890 for comparison with the American Bank Note Company "Baby" Bank Notes.    
The "Triangles" and other revisions to the 1890 Series were added by G.F.C. Smillie, J. Kennedy, M. W. Baldwin and E. M. Hall
A Souvenir Card was issued by the BEP in 1994 in black, and again in 1995 in blue, with engraved designs of each of the the 13 denominations.


              

1¢ Franklin
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris   Vignette: Edward C. Steimle
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson   Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 246 10/17/1894 ~67.3 million none bright to dark ultramarine; double transfer; Pl#'s 2, 6, 15, 17, 18, 21, 24,  27, 29, 31, 33, 35 possible on  all four sides; sheets of 400 cut  into four panes of 100 The one-cent stamp paid  the rate for local letters.
1894 247 11/5/1894 ~337 million none bright to dark blue; double transfer; Pl#'s 18, 21, 24, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35; 98, 99, 101, 102, 119-122
1895 264 5/16/1895 ~1.97 billion double-line USPS pale to dark blue; double transfer; there are about 75 plate numbers known for this stamp
1895 264S E --- "Specimen" overprint in purple --- Specimen Stamp
1897 264S O 125 "UNIVERSAL POSTAL CONGRESS" overprint in red --- Specimen Stamp

1¢ Franklin New Color
of 1897-98

Designer: Alfred P. Major    Vignette: Edward C. Steimle
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson    Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1898 279 1/29/1898 5,216,159,932 horizontal double-line USPS green to deep green; yellow to dark yellow green; double transfer; more than 270  plate nos. are known for this stamp possible on all four sides; sheets of 400 cut  into four panes of 100 The new color was to conform with the U.P.U standard, that is, one cent stamps were to be printed in green.
1902 279a --- D/L vert. deep green; note that this a variety and not a booklet stamp
1898 R153 --- double-line green; red I. R. overprint (rectangular periods) ---
1898 R154 --- double-line green; red I. R. overprint (oval periods) ---
--- R154a --- double-line inverted red I. R. (oval periods) ---
--- R154b --- double-line red I. R. (oval periods) on back of stamp ---
--- R154c --- double-line setenant pair; one with red I. R., one without ---
1898 279 Revenue --- double-line deep green; black overprint "Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7-5-'98" large I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1898 279 Revenue --- double-line deep green; black overprint with serifs " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7--'98" small I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1898 279 Revenue --- double-line deep green; black overprint without serifs " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7--'98" small I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1899 Cuba 221 4,000,000 double-line yellow green with Cuba 1 c. de PESO overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Guam 1 25,000 double-line deep green with GUAM overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Philippines 213 5,500,000 double-line yellow green; PHILIPPINES black overprint; inverted overprint U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Porto Rico 210(a) 3/15/1899 1,000,000 double-line yellow green; black PORTO RICO overprint at a 36 degree angle; varieties at 25 degrees; PORTO RICU U.S. Possession Postage
1900 Puerto Rico 215 500,000 double-line yellow green; black PUERTO RICO overprint at a 25 degree angle U.S. Possession Postage

2¢ Washington Design
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris   Vignette: Charles Skinner
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson   Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Type/Colors/Varieties Straight-edge/ Pl#s Purpose
Types I, II, III and IV of the 2¢ Stamp
1894 248 10/16/1894 ~35 million none Type I; pink, pale pink; double transfer;  vertical pair imperforate horizontally   straight-edge possible on all four sides; sheets of 400 cut into four panes of 100 Pl#'s. 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8-13, 16, 19, 20, 22, 23, 25, 26, 30, 32  (type I) known on Number 248, 249 & 250 plate nos. 78-80, 82, 88, 89, 96, 97, 110, 111  (type I) are known on Number 249, 250 & 265 (Pl#'s 89 & 110 are not known on Number 265) Pl#'s 112-117, 124, 125, 144  (type I) are known on  Number 250 & Number 265 Pl#'s 126, 131-133  (type II) are known on Number 251 & 266.  Pl#169 (type II) is only on Number 266. Pl#170 is setenant, the first 3 columns are type II, Number 266 and the other 17 columns are type III, Number 267. Pl#'s 141-143, 145, 146, 148-158 (type III) are found on Number 252 and 267 Pl#'s 141//503 (type III) are found on Number 267 while Pl#'s 505//1493 (type IV) are found on Number 279b. Note  that if the plate number is 505 or greater it must be a type IV stamp.. The plate number is over stamp 7 in the top right margin except on plate 802, in which it is over stamp 8. The two-cent stamp paid  the first class letter rate.
1894 249 10/11/1894 ~96 million none Type I; carmine lake; double impression
1894 250 10/11/1894 ~910 million none Type I; carmine, dark carmine; double transfer horizontal pair imperforate between 
1894 250a 10/13/94 none  Type I; rose
1894 250b scarlet none Type I; scarlet
1895 251 2/12/1895 ~97 million none Type II; carmine; dark carmine
--- 251a scarlet none Type II;  scarlet
1895 252 4/02/1895 ~83 million none Type III; carmine, pale carmine; horiz. pr. imperf. vert. or between;  dot in "S" of  Cents
--- 252a scarlet none Type III; scarlet
1895 265 5/2/1895 ~300 million double-line Type I; carmine, deep carmine; double transfer
1895 266 5/27/1895 ~125 million double-line Type II; carmine; type II and III setenant pr.
1895 267 5/28/1895 ~7.48 billion double-line Type III; carmine, deep carmine, reddish carmine; scarlet (267a); double transfer; dot in "S' of CENTS
1895 267S E --- "Specimen" overprint in purple; type III; carmine
1897 267S O 125 (Specimen) "UNIVERSAL POSTAL CONGRESS" blue overprint
--- 267 dot in S --- double-line Type III; pink; dot in "S" of  Cents 
--- 267S E dot in S "Specimen" overprint in purple; type III;  pink 
--- 267b vermilion --- double-line Type III; vermilion (1899)
--- 267c rose carmine --- double-line Type III; rose carmine (1899)
1897 279B 7/6/1899 12 billion double-line Type IV; red, light red, deep red; double transfer; triple transfer; upper right triangle not shaded 
--- 279Bc rose carmine 3/30/1899 double-line Type IV; rose carmine, bright carmine rose
--- 279Bd orange red 6/8/1900 D/L horiz. Type IV; pale to dark  to deep orange red
--- 279Be orange red vertical wmk. D/L vert. Type IV; orange red (as 279Bd);  the vertical watermark was an error
1897 279Bf carmine 11/18/1897 double-line Type IV; carmine, reddish carmine
1897 279Bg pink 12/1/1897 double-line Type IV; pink, bright pink
--- 279Bh vermilion 2/27/1899 double-line Type IV; vermilion, pale vermilion
1899 279Bi brownish orange double-line Type IV; brown orange - Type IV
1900 279Bj booklet 5/4/1900 D/L horiz. Type IV; booklet pane (6);  red, light red, orange red
1902 279Bk red booklet stamp D/L vert. Type IV; booklet pane of 6; red (1902)
1898 267 Revenue pink 7/1/1898 double-line pink; type III;  blue I. R. overprint (round periods); varieties: inverted or missing overprint; overprint on back
1898 267 Revenue carmine 7/1/1898 double-line carmine; type III;  blue I. R. overprint (round periods) ---
1898 R155 pink 7/1/1898 double-line pink; type IV;  blue I. R. overprint (round periods); varieties: inverted overprint; overprint in magenta
1898 R155 carmine 7/1/1898 double-line carmine; type III;  blue I. R. overprint (round periods) ---
1898 267 Proprietary pink double-line pink; type III; black overprint " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7-5-'98" - Large I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1898 279B Proprietary pink double-line pink; type IV; black overprint " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7-5-'98" - Large I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1898 267 Proprietary pink double-line pink; type III; black overprint with serifs "Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7--'98" - Small I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1898 279B Proprietary pink double-line pink; type IV; black overprint with serifs " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7--'98" - Small I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1898 267 Proprietary pink double-line pink; type III; black overprint w/o serifs " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7--'98" - Small I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1898 279B Proprietary pink double-line pink; type IV; black overprint w/o serifs " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7--'98" - Small I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1899 Cuba 222 --- double-line reddish carmine; type III; with Cuba 2 c. de PESO overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 222 vermilion double-line vermilion; type III; with Cuba 2 c. de PESO overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 222 invert --- double-line reddish carmine; type IV; black overprint Cuba 2 c. de PESO ; Varieties: "CUBA" at bottom or inverted; "CUPA"
1899 Cuba 222 vermilion double-line vermilion; type IV; with Cuba 2 c. de PESO overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 223 --- double-line reddish carmine; type III; with Cuba 2½ c. de PESO overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 223 vermilion double-line vermilion; type III; with Cuba 2½ c. de PESO overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 223 --- double-line reddish carmine; type IV; black overprint Cuba 2½ c. de PESO U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 223 vermilion double-line vermilion; type IV; with Cuba 2½ c. de PESO overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Guam 2 105,000 double-line red; type IV with GUAM overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Guam 2 rose carmine double-line rose carmine; type IV with GUAM overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Philippines 214 6,970,000 double-line red (light red); type IV with PHILIPPINES black overprint U.S. Possession Postage
1901 Philippines 214 orange red double-line orange red (pale/deep); type IV with PHILIPPINES black overprint U.S. Possession Postage
--- Philippines 214 reddish carmine double-line reddish carmine; type IV with PHILIPPINES black overprint U.S. Possession Postage
--- Philippines 214 rose carmine double-line rose carmine; type IV with PHILIPPINES black overprint U.S. Possession Postage
1900 Philippines 214 booklet double-line Booklet Pane; red (orange red) ; type IV with PHILIPPINES black overprint U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Porto Rico 211 - 3/15/1899 double-line reddish carmine; type IV; black PORTO RICO overprint at a 36 degree angle; 
Varieties: overprint at 25 degrees; FORTO RICO; PORTO RICU; PORTU RICO; PURTO RICO; FURTU RICO

3¢ Jackson Design
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris   Vignette: Charles Skinner
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson   Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 253 10/20/1894 off cover 11/15/1894 on cover 20,214,300 none purple to dark purple; sheets of 400 cut into four panes of 100 Pl#'s 44, 46, 47, 48 sheets of 200 cut  into two panes of 100 Pl#'s 91, 95, 103, 107  400-subject sheets:  possible on all 4 sides 200-subject sheets:   left or right only The three-cent stamp was  used as an all-purpose  stamp to complete postage  requirements as needed.
1895 268 12/1/1895 203,057,170 double-line USPS purple to dark purple; double transfer; sheets of 200 cut  into two panes of 100 Pl#'s 91, 95, 103, 107, 447-450, 1213-1216

4¢ Lincoln Design
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris    Vignette: Alfred Jones
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson    Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 254 10/16/1894 16,718,150 none dark brown, brown sheets of 400 (4panes of 100): Pl#'s 45, 50, 51, 59 sheets of 200 (2 panes of 100): Pl#'s 92, 94, 104, 106 400-subject sheets:  possible on all 4 sides; 200-subject sheets:   left or right only The 4-cent stamp paid double the first class letter  rate and was sometimes  used as a substitute for  the eight-cent stamp to  pay the registry rate,  using two stamps.
1895 269 7/22/1895 78,167,836 double-line USPS dark brown, dark yellow brown; double transfer sheets of 200 (2 panes of 100);  Pl#'s 92, 94, 104, 106, 194-197, 456-463 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut  into two panes of 100
1898 280 11/13/1898 153,499,379 double-line USPS rose brown; double transfer extra frame line at top - plate 793 possible on all 4 sides; sheets of 400 cut  into four panes of 100
--- 280a --- double-line USPS lilac brown; brownish claret
--- 280b --- double-line USPS orange brown

5¢ Grant Design
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris     Vignette: Charles Skinner
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson     Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 255 10/23/1894 30,688,840 none chocolate, deep chocolate, yellow brown; double transfer; lines missing in background oval;  vert. pair imperf. horiz.;  sheets of 400 (4panes of 100): Pl#'s 49, 53, 54, 56 sheets of 200 (2 panes of 100): Pl#'s 128-130,   and 134, 161-164 400-subject sheets:  possible on all 4 sides; 200-subject sheets:   left or right only The five-cent stamp paid the  U.P.U. rate for foreign mail.
1895 270 9/12/1895 123,775,455 double-line USPS chocolate, deep brown; chestnut brown; double transfer; lines missing in background oval;  sheets of 200 (2 panes of 100):  Pl#'s 128-130, 134, 161-164, 189, 190, 192, 193, 250-253, 351, 353, 357, 359, 389-392 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut  into two panes of 100

5¢ Grant New Color
of 1898

Designer: Thomas F. Morris    Vignette: Charles Skinner
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson   Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1898 281 3/19/1898 279,622,170 double-line USPS bright to dark blue; double transfer;  worn plate with diagonal  lines missing in background oval left or right only; sheets of 200 cut  into two panes of 100 The new color was issued  to conform with the  U.P.U standard, that is,  five cent stamps were to  be printed in blue.

6¢ Garfield Design
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris   Vignette: Charles Skinner
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson   Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 256 8/11/1894 5,120,800 none dull brown; vert. pair imperf. horiz.;  plate nos. 28 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut  into two panes of 100 The six-cent stamp paid  triple the first class letter  rate and was often used  as an all-purpose stamp  to complete postage needs.
1895 271 9/14/1895 20,712,875 double-line USPS dull brown, claret brown; very thin paper; plate no. 28, 184, 248, 373, 386, 451
--- 271a with USIR watermark USIR -----

6¢ Garfield New Color
of 1898

Designer: Thomas F. Morris   Vignette: Charles Skinner
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson   Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1898 282 3/13/1899 46,457,450 double-line USPS lake; claret; double transfer left or right only; sheets of 200 cut  into two panes of 100 the six-cent stamp paid triple  the first class letter rate and was often used as an all-purpose stamp to complete postage requirements
--- 282a purplish lake --- double-line USPS lake; claret

8¢ Sherman Design
of 1895

Designer: Thomas F. Morris   Vignette: Alfred Jones
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson   Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1895 257 5/8/1895 2,426,100 none violet brown, bright violet brown; plate no. 58 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut  into two panes of 100 The eight-cent stamp  paid the registry fee.
1895 272 9/11/1895 96,217,820 double-line USPS violet brown, dark violet brown;  double transfer; plate nos. 58, 249,  555, 928-931, 1094-1097
--- 272a with USIR watermark double-line USIR -----

10¢ Webster Design
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris   Vignette: Edward G. Steimle
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson   Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 258 11/2/1894 off cover 12,263,180 none dark green, green, dull green;  double transfer;  plate nos. 55, 62, 63, 64 possible on all 4 sides; sheets of 400 cut  into four panes of 100 The ten-cent stamp paid the first class letter plus registry  fee; it also paid double the U.P.U. foreign mail rate.
1895 273 7/25/1895 59,983,007 double-line USPS dark green, green; double transfer; plate nos. 55, 62-64, 302, 303, 305, 306

10¢ Webster New Color
of 1898

Designer: Thomas F. Morris   Vignette: Edward G. Steimle
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson   Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties/Type Straight-edge Purpose
1898 282C 12/10/1898 42 million double-line USPS brown to dark brown; double transfer Type I - Types of the 10¢ Stamp possible on all 4 sides; sheets of 400 cut  into four panes of 100 The ten-cent stamp paid the first class letter plus registry fee; it also paid double the U.P.U. foreign mail rate. The color change was necessary to avoid confusion with the new green one-cent stamp.
1898 283 3/13/1899 65 million horizontal double-line USPS yellow to orange brown Type II
1900 283a with vertical watermark vertical double-line USPS yellow to orange brown Type II

15¢ Clay Design
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris   Vignette: Edward G. Steimle
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson   Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 259 12/6/1894 1,583,920 none dark blue, indigo;  plate no. 52 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut  into two panes of 100 The fifteen-cent stamp was used mainly for letters over 2 oz. to Europe and on 4th class mail and parcel post packages.
1895 274 5/5/1896 7,013,612 double-line USPS dark blue, indigo;  plate nos. 52, 264

15¢ Clay New Color
of 1898

Designer: Thomas F. Morris   Vignette: Edward G. Steimle
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson   Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1898 284 3/3/1899 15,993,313 double-line USPS olive to dark olive green left or right only; sheets of 200 cut  into two panes of 100 The fifteen-cent stamp also paid triple the U.P.U. foreign mail rate and was often used as an all-purpose stamp to complete postage.  The color change was necessary to avoid confusion with the new blue five-cent stamp.

50¢ Jefferson Design
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris     Vignette: Alfred Jones
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson     Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 260 12/12/1894 off cover 1/15/95 on 175,330 none orange to deep orange;  plate no. 75 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut  into two panes of 100 The fifty-cent stamp was  used on multiple rate  letters and parcels.
1895 275 5/5/1896 1,065,390 double-line USPS orange to bright orange;  plate no. 75
--- 275a reddish orange --- double-line USPS red orange

$1 Perry Design
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris     Vignette: Edward C. Steimle
; Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson     Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Type/Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 261 1/18/1895 26,284 none Types of the $1 Stamp Type I; grayish black to black;  plate no. 76 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut  into two panes of 100 Note that all of the  stamps come from  plate 76. The first 15 columns (150 stamps) starting from the left  are type I and the  last five columns (50 stamps) are type II.  The one-dollar stamp was  used on high multiple  rate letters and parcels.
1894 261A 3/22/1895 8,762 none Type II; grayish black to black; setenant pairs and multiples with Number 261; plate no. 76
1895 276 4/9/1897 192,449 double-line USPS Type I; greenish black to black;   plate no. 76
1895 276A 4/6/1896 63,803 double-line USPS Type II; greenish black to black; setenant pairs and multiples with Number 276; plate no. 76

 $2 Madison Design of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris     Vignette: Edward C. Steimle     Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson     Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson    

$2 Madison Design
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris     Vignette: Edward C. Steimle
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson     Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 262 7/6/1895 off cover 7/15/1895 on cover 10,027 none bright blue; plate no. 84 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut  into two panes of 100 The two-dollar stamp was  used primarily on  parcels. 
1895 277 7/18/1895 31,720 double-line USPS bright blue; plate no. 84
--- 277a --- double-line USPS dark blue; plate no. 84

$5 Marshall Design
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris     Vignette: Edward C. Steimle
Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson     Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Number EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 263 7/6/1896 6,251 none dark green; plate no. 85 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut  into two panes of 100 The five-dollar stamp  was used primarily  on heavy parcels. 
1895 278 11/3/1896 26,965 double-line USPS dark green; plate no. 85

Notes:
The EDU information is based on the best information available. If you know of a documented usage earlier than the one listed, please let us know and the information will be updated as appropriate.

Bibliography and suggested additional reading:
The Postage Stamps of the 19th Century, Volume II, by Lester Brookman (1966)
The 1949 Scott U.S. Specialized Stamp Catalogue Scott Stamp & Coin Co. Limited

Notable Auction Sales:
The Whitpain Collection of U.S. 1894-1898 Bureau Issues - Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries #977 Dec. 2-3, 2009

Design dimensions:
The Postage Stamps of the United States, John Luff (1902 and 1937)

Colors:
The Encyclopedia of the Colors of United States Postage Stamps - Volume 3 - Issues of 1894-1907, by Roy H. White (1981)
The Micarelli Identification Guide to U.S. Stamps: Regular Issues 1847-1934 by Charles N. Micarelli